?Mumbai is the commercial and entertainment centre of India, generating 5% of India’s GDP, and accounting for 25% of industrial output, 40% of maritime trade, and 70% of capital transactions to India’s economy. Mumbai is home to important financial institutions such as theReserve Bank of India, the Bombay Stock Exchange, the National Stock Exchange of India and the corporate headquarters of many Indian companies and numerous multinational corporations. The city also houses India’s Hindi film and television industry, known as Bollywood. Mumbai’s business opportunities, as well as its potential to offer a better standard of living, attract migrants from all over India and, in turn, make the city a potpourri of many communities and cultures.
Mumbai has a tropical wet and dry climate. Mumbai’s climate can be best described as moderate temperatures with high level of humidity. Its coastal nature and tropical location ensures moderate temperatures throughout the year, average of 27.2?C. Mumbai’s experiences 4 distinct seasons winter: (December-Feb); Summer: (March-May); Monsoon (June-Sep) and Post Monsoon (Oct-Dec).
Popular English language newspapers published and sold in Mumbai include the Times of India, Mid-day, Hindustan Times, DNA, and Indian Express. Mumbai is home to Asia’s oldest newspaper, Bombay Samachar, which has been published in Gujarati since 1822.
Mumbai is home to two prominent research institutions: the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), and the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC).
The Indian Institute of Technology (Bombay), Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute (VJTI), and University Institute of Chemical Technology (UICT), which are India’s premier engineering and technology schools, and SNDT Women’s University are the other autonomous universities in Mumbai. Mumbai is also home to Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies (JBIMS), K. J. Somaiya Institute of Management Studies and Research (SIMSR), S P Jain Institute of Management and Research and several other management schools
Public Transport in Mumbai involves the transport of millions of its citizens by train, road and water.? Mumbai has the largest organized bus transport network among major Indian cities.
Mumbai’s public transport primarily comprises:
Public Bus Service (BEST):
This system is run by a government organization Brihanmumbai Electric Supply and Transport, the “B” formerly standing for “Bombay”. It has a fleet of red single and double-decker buses. There are air conditioned and low floor buses as well.
Suburban Electric Trains: Local Railway Lines
Western Railway, running between Churchgate and Virar.
Central Railway, running between Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (Formerly known as Victoria Terminus [V.T.]) and Karjat and Kasara.
Harbour Line, running between Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (Formerly known as Victoria Terminus [V.T.]) and Panvel. A new line has extended the Harbour Line from Panvel to Karjat.
Public Taxi/Auto rickshaw Services:
Black and yellow metered taxis
Radio Taxis: Silver Green run by Meru and Yellow Red by Gold cabs and Black by Mega cabs.
Blue and silver air-conditioned metered taxis known as Cool Cabs
Black and yellow metered Auto rickshaws which are not allowed in the Central area (between Colaba & Mahim in the West and Colaba and Sionin the East) of the city.
Ferry services connect Vashi (in Navi Mumbai) to the Gateway of India.
Ferry services are available to visit Elephanta Caves and to nearby places such as Alibaug, Rewas and Mandwa.
Ferry services are also available in northern Mumbai, across the Manori Creek. The barges operate at regular intervals across the shallow creek linking Manori to Malad
Ferry also connects Versova and Madh Island
Mumbai is? the primary financial centre for India, hosting the both the major Indian stock exchanges (BSE and The National Stock Exchange), brokerages, asset management companies (including majority of the mutual fund companies), headquarters of most Indian state-owned and commercial banks, as wellas the financial & monetary regulatory authorities of India (SEBI and RBI among other institutions). Several major Indian companies are headquartered in Mumbai. The three largest private companies in India, Reliance Industries, Tata Group and Aditya Birla Group, are based in Mumbai
Most of India’s major television and satellite networks, as well as its major publishing houses, are headquartered here. The centre of the Hindi movie industry, Bollywood is the largest film producer in India and one of the largest in the world.
The party animal will not be disappointed by Mumbai. The city reckons itself to be the capital of Indian nightlife. Certainly, the bars and clubs offer enough variety to satisfy even the most jaded palate. Colaba and south Mumbai used to be the centre of the city’s nightlife, but recently competing clubs and lounges (an Indian hybrid of a bar and a club) have started opening in the suburbs. The prevailing atmosphere is informal (a jacket and tie is almost never required) but Mumbaikers like to be well turned-out and the atmosphere of some establishments is decidedly chic. Many bars and clubs operate a couples-only policy, for members and non-members alike, and charge an entrance fee.
Time Out is published fortnightly and is available from news stands. It carries listings on many, if not all, aspects of having fun in Mumbai
Bars: Indigo, Mandlik Road, Apollo Bunder, was the original Mumbai bar-restaurant and, despite having spawned numerous imitators, its minimalist d?cor still attracts a smartly turned-out set. Geoffrey’s, in the Hotel Marine Plaza (itself a fine example of art deco architecture well worth visiting), is the best-known English-style pub in Mumbai. Geoffrey’s stays open until 0100, and serves a good set-price lunch. Henry Tham’s, near Apollo Bunder, is an ?ber-slick bar and restaurant that is currently the hippest place to have a drink in town, popular with Bollywood starlets and their aficionados. Leopold, Colaba Causeway, near Regal, sells inexpensive beer and good snacks; it is popular with backpackers.Zenzi, 183 Waterfield Road, is a stylish bar in the northern suburbs of Bandra with lots of lounges and bright colours – it’s popular with expats and well-to-do Mumbaikans. All the 5-star hotels have bars, where you can drink in air-conditioned and pricey seclusion.
Clubs: In the past, the best nightclubs in Mumbai were to be found in the 5-star hotels; this is no longer necessarily the case as new places are opening all the time. There is now a dazzling array of nightclubs (known variously as clubs, bars or lounges) on offer in Mumbai. Filled every weekend with Mumbai’s trendy youngsters, Ra, in the Phoenix Mills Compound, Lower Parel, is usually a lively option. Red Light, 145 MG Road, plays a range of music, including hip-hop, and is popular with students. For something a little more grungy, try the Voodoo Pub, 2/5 Kamal Mansion, Arthur Bunder Road, which hosts an unofficial gay-friendly night on Fridays. Of the nightclubs in the international hotels, Insomnia, in the Taj Mahal Hotel, Apollo Bunder, continues to be one of the most expensive and fashionable dance venues in town
Most Famous Indians in this city:
Adi Godrej, Anil Ambani, Arun Sarin, Akhil Gupta, Indra Nooyi .